Source- freepik (electric car battery life)

When considering the purchase of an electric vehicle (EV), one of the primary concerns is the lifespan of its battery. Unlike internal combustion engine (ICE) cars, where engine longevity is well-documented, the relatively newer technology of EVs often leaves potential buyers with questions. How long will an EV battery last? What practices can extend its life? What should be avoided to maintain battery health? This guide aims to answer these questions and provide a comprehensive understanding of electric car battery life.


Modern EV batteries typically last between 10 to 20 years before needing a replacement. To provide peace of mind, most EV manufacturers offer warranties of 8 years or up to 160,000 kilometers on their batteries.


Several factors influence the lifespan of an electric car battery, much like the components of an ICE vehicle. Here are three critical factors:

1. Temperature

Temperature is a significant factor affecting EV batteries. Optimal battery performance is usually achieved within a temperature range of 15 to 30 degrees Celsius, with 21.5 degrees Celsius being the most ideal. Extreme temperatures, whether hot or cold, can adversely impact battery life. While EVs are designed with systems to manage battery temperature, these systems have their limits. For instance, charging a hot battery immediately after extensive use or in high temperatures can be particularly detrimental.

2. Usage and Maintenance

The way an EV is used and maintained greatly affects its battery health. Common practices that can degrade battery life include:

  • Overcharging or frequently charging the battery.
  • Letting the battery charge drop below 5 percent regularly.
  • Leaving the EV unused for extended periods.
  • Exposing the EV to unsuitable temperatures for long durations.
  • Using DC fast charging too frequently, which generates significant heat.
3. Weight

Electric vehicles are inherently heavier than ICE cars, primarily due to their battery packs. This added weight requires more energy to move the vehicle, which in turn places a greater demand on the battery. To mitigate this, it’s important to adhere to the recommended weight limits for the vehicle to avoid unnecessary strain on the battery, which can reduce its lifespan.


While it’s not possible to increase the inherent lifespan of an EV battery, certain practices can help optimize its longevity and performance:

  • Avoid depleting the battery below 10 percent and refrain from charging it beyond 80-90 percent frequently.
  • Minimize exposure to extreme temperatures during charging, driving, or parking.
  • Limit the use of DC fast charging stations.
  • Drive the EV gently and maintain consistent speeds to enhance efficiency.
  • Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations in the user manual.


Typically, an EV battery is designed to last 10 to 20 years, which often exceeds the vehicle’s operational life. Manufacturers generally offer to replace or restore batteries if their capacity falls below 70% within the warranty period (8 years or 160,000 kilometers). Battery replacement should be considered when its capacity significantly drops, impairing the vehicle’s usability.

Interestingly, even when an EV battery is no longer suitable for powering a vehicle, it retains 20 to 30 percent of its capacity. This residual capacity can be repurposed for home energy storage, particularly in combination with solar panels, providing a sustainable solution for energy needs.


Understanding the factors that affect electric car battery life and implementing best practices for maintenance can significantly enhance the longevity and performance of your EV. By following the guidelines outlined above, you can ensure that your electric vehicle remains efficient and reliable, making the transition to electric driving a smooth and rewarding experience.